Emeralds are a green-colored gemstone, prized around the world for their beauty and value. Emeralds are among four precious stones recognized around the world – the other three being diamonds, rubies, and sapphires. Most emeralds are cut into the signature rectangular emerald shape, but it can be cut into others as well. The majority of emeralds are found in Columbia, where more than 50% of the world’s emerald supply is mined. However, emeralds can be found in about 30 countries including the United States, China, and Switzerland. Most emeralds are found in areas where large quartz deposits are also located.
Interesting Emeralds Facts:
The word emerald is derived from the Greek word ‘smaragdus’ which means ‘green gem’.
The emerald is the birthstone for the month of May.
The emerald is often considered to be the gemstone for the Taurus, Gemini, and Cancer astrological signs.
In the United States, a couple’s 55th wedding anniversary is celebrated with an emerald gift.
Emeralds often have many inclusions (imperfections) which makes them a weaker stone and more difficult to make into jewelry.
Emeralds without inclusions (imperfections) are rare and more difficult to find. These rare emeralds are also worth a lot more than diamonds.
Because emeralds have a lower density, a 1 carat emerald is larger than a carat diamond.
In order to help preserve an emerald and stop it from chipping or cracking they are often filled with a type of oil or with resin epoxy.
Emeralds are made of beryl. This is also what makes the aquamarine gemstone, but emeralds get their color from small amounts of vanadium and chromium.
There are emeralds believed to be 2.97 billion years old.
Cleopatra loved emeralds and they were considered to be one of her favorite stones.
Ancient folklore suggested that putting an emerald under your tongue would make it possible to see the future.
There is an emerald weighing 1,383.93 carats. It is called the Duke of Devonshire Emerald. It is an uncut emerald.
In 1935 synthetic emeralds were created for the first time. Rubies and sapphires had been synthetically created since 1907.
It can be difficult to tell the difference between a real emerald and a synthetic emerald, which makes it a commonly faked gemstone. They even put cracks in the fake ones to make them look real.
In 1997 emeralds were discovered in the Yukon Territory.
Elizabeth Taylor once owned an emerald necklace that sold in 2011 for $6.5 million. It was more than 23 carats.
In the United States emeralds have been found in South Carolina, North Carolina, Nevada, Connecticut, and Montana.
An emerald’s value is determined by four main factors including carat weight, color, cut, and its clarity.
An emerald’s hardness is determined by the Mohs scale to be between 7.5 and 8. A diamond is 10 while turquoise is between 5 and 6.
Emeralds are thought to enhance love and commitment while also promoting healing.
Some of the most famous emeralds include the Chalk Emerald, Duke of Devonshire Emerald, Gachala Emerald, Mogul Mughal Emerald, Patricia Emerald, Bahia Emerald, and the Emerald of Saint Louis.